LESSON ONE – ALPHABETS
This is the easiest way of learning luganda.
- Vowels / Enjatuza
Just like the English language, Luganda also has five vowels which are;
A, E, I, O, U
2. Consonants / Ennukuta ensirifu:
These can’t make sense unless used along with vowels and they are;
B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V, W, Y, Z
Luganda language omits letters Q and X and replaces them with another alphabet which similar to a g.
HOW TO PRONOUNCE THESE ALPHABETS
It is actually quite simple.
All consonants are pronounced as if with letter ‘a’ or ‘ah’ at the end. For example, bah, cah, jah, gah, kah, mah, pah, lah, zah, e.t.
LESSON TWO – EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH
- VERBS / NAKAYOGEZA
These are doing words such as cook,
wash, run, e.t.c
2. NOUNS / ERINNYA
Name of; somebody or something capable of doing another thing. e.g Moses, a spoon, a car, e.t.c
3. PRONOUNS / NAKASIGIRWA
These can be used instead of a name or something that is capable of doing another thing. E.g you, he, …
4. ADJECTIVE / NAKONGEZA LINNYA
This is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. E.g a big girl, that car is clean…
5. ADVERB / NAKONGEZA NAKAYOGEZA
This is a word that adds meaning to a verb. E.g He runs fast…
6. CONJUNCTION / NAKAYUNGA
These are joining words. E.g as, plus, and…
7. PREPOSITIONS / AKAGAMBO AKALAGA EKIFO, EMBERA, EKISEERA OBA ENGERI
A preposition is word that is placed before a pronoun or a noun to show position, time, time or place. For example, of, at, to, near, under, …
8. INTERJECTION / EKIGAMBO EKIBAGULIZA
A word or phrase showing wonder. For example, what!
LESSON THREE – THE W’S / QUESTIONS
- Lwaki? Why?
- Ddi? When?
- Wa? Where?
- Kiki? What?
- Oba ki? Which?
- Ani? Who?
- Kyani? Whose?
LESSON FOUR – PARTS OF THE BODY
Eye lashes Obukoowekoowe