LESSON ONE – ALPHABETS

This is the easiest way of learning luganda. 

  1. Vowels / Enjatuza

Just like the English language, Luganda also has five vowels which are;

A, E, I, O, U

2. Consonants / Ennukuta ensirifu: 

These can’t make sense unless used along with vowels and they are;

B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, V, W, Y, Z

This alphabet replaces X and Q in Luganda language

Luganda language omits letters Q and X and replaces them with another alphabet which similar to a g.

 

 

 

HOW TO PRONOUNCE THESE ALPHABETS

It is actually quite simple.

All consonants are pronounced as if with letter ‘a’ or ‘ah’ at the end. For example, bah, cah, jah, gah, kah, mah, pah, lah, zah, e.t.

 

 

 

LESSON TWO – EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH

  1. VERBS / NAKAYOGEZA

These are doing words such as cook,

 

wash, run, e.t.c

 

2. NOUNS / ERINNYA

Name of; somebody or something capable of doing another thing. e.g Moses, a spoon, a car, e.t.c

3. PRONOUNS / NAKASIGIRWA

These can be used instead of a name or something that is capable of doing another thing. E.g you, he, …

4. ADJECTIVE / NAKONGEZA LINNYA

This is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. E.g  a big girl, that car is clean…

5. ADVERB / NAKONGEZA NAKAYOGEZA

This is a word that adds meaning to a verb. E.g He runs fast…

6. CONJUNCTION / NAKAYUNGA

These are joining words. E.g as, plus, and

7. PREPOSITIONS / AKAGAMBO AKALAGA EKIFO, EMBERA, EKISEERA OBA ENGERI

A preposition is word that is placed before a pronoun or a noun to show position, time, time or place. For example, of, at, to, near, under, …

8. INTERJECTION / EKIGAMBO EKIBAGULIZA

A word or phrase showing wonder. For example, what!

 

 

LESSON THREE – THE W’S / QUESTIONS

ENGLISH                                     LUGANDA

  1. Lwaki?                                     Why?
  2. Ddi?                                         When?
  3. Wa?                                          Where?
  4. Kiki?                                         What?
  5. Oba ki?                                    Which?
  6. Ani?                                          Who?
  7. Kyani?                                      Whose?

 

 

LESSON FOUR – PARTS OF THE BODY                        

ENGLISH                                  LUGANDA           

Eyes                                                   Amaaso

Eye lashes                                        Obukoowekoowe

Nose                                                  Enyindo

Mouth                                               Omumwa

Teeth                                                Amannyo

Tongue                                              Olulimi

Ears                                                   Amatu

Head                                                 Omutwe

Neck                                                 Ensingo

Shoulders                                        Ebibegabega

Chest                                                Ekifuba

Stomach                                           Olubuto

Knees                                               Amaviivi

Breasts                                            Amabeere

Armpit                                            Enkwawa

Calf                                                 Entumbwe

Fingers                                           Engalo

Palm                                                Ekibatu

Waist                                              Ekiwato

Buttocks                                        Akabina

Toes                                               Obugere

Feet                                                Ebigere

Chin                                              Akalevu

 

 

 

 

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